Source: ISAF April 2021
Sharks are certainly not harmless cuddly animals but wild hunters like lions or crocodiles. And who would jog in the Serengeti near a herd of lions anyway? Accidents happen very rarely. Unfortunately, since almost every shark accident is covered in the media, these accidents appear more often than they actually happen.
So, what are the chances of a shark accident? In short, a 6 on the lottery is more likely.
Which shark species are actually dangerous?
Only a few of the more than 500 shark species can become dangerous to humans at all. Sharks must be about the size of a human to be dangerous to us.
Prevention of accidents
To avoid a shark accident, one should - logically - minimize the probability of encountering a shark at all. Here are some tips to reduce the risk of a shark accident. These are recommendations! There is no guarantee that despite following the recommendations, an accident cannot happen!
Risks associated with water activities
Some water activities are more dangerous than others. It mostly depends on how long a person stays in the water and whether he or she creates vibrations that are interesting for sharks or attracts them by other stimuli.
Are there scientific experiments on shark accidents with humans?
Not really. However, there are statistical/mathematical analyses of known accidents and predictions from them, analogous conclusions from experiments with sharks and humanoid puppets ...